Rasmus Bellmer and Frank Möller, Peace, Complexity, Visuality: Ambiguities in Peace and Conflict (Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023), Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies series,

Frank Möller and Rasmus Bellmer, “Interactive peace imagery – integrating visual research and peace education,” Journal of Peace Education, published online 13 February 2023,

Rasmus Bellmer and Frank Möller, “Active looking: images in peace mediation,” Peacebuilding, published online 07 December 2022,

Rasmus Bellmer and Frank Möller, “Bilder von Frieden und Krieg betrachten – Die visuelle Darstellung von Bosnien und Herzegowina,” Südosteuropa Mitteilungen, (Vol. 62, No. 2, 2022 pp. 7–20)

Rasmus Bellmer and Frank Möller, “Messiness in Photography, War and Transitions to Peace,” Media, War & Conflict, published online 04 February 2022,

Rasmus Bellmer, Frank Möller and Rune Saugmann, “The Photographic Disappearance and Reappearance of Skin Colors,” Membrana – Journal of Photography, Theory and Visual Culture (Vol. 6, No. 2, 2021, pp. 1–16)

Rasmus Bellmer and Frank Möller, “Soveltava visuaalinen rauhantutkimus: Kuvat, rauhanvälitys ja aktiivinen katsominen,” Kosmopolis 4/2021

Frank Möller, Rasmus Bellmer and Rune Saugmann, “Visual appropriation: a self-reflexive qualitative method for visual analysis of the international,” International Political Sociology, published online 22 December 2021,

Frank Möller and Rasmus Bellmer, “Peace Videography: Visual Tools for Mediation and Peace-building,” Center for Freedom of the Media, University of Sheffield, HCPB News, 12 October 2020, at

Rune Saugmann, Frank Möller and Rasmus Bellmer, “Seeing like a Surveillance Agency? Sensor Realism as Aesthetic Critique of Visual Data Governance,” Information, Communication & Society, published online 18 June 2020,

Frank Möller, “Music and the Aesthetics of Resistance,” in Music and Peacebuilding: African and Latin American Experiences, edited by Rafiki Ubaldo and Helen Hintjens (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2020), pp. 181–195,

Frank Möller, “Peace Aesthetics: a Patchwork,” Peace & Change: A Journal of Peace Research (Vol. 45, No. 1, January 2020, pp. 28–54), published online 12 December 2019,

Frank Möller, “Photography and Peace,” in The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Peace and Conflict Studies, edited by Oliver Richmond and Gëzim Visoka (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan), published online 8 November 2019,

Rasmus Bellmer, “Literature as a Tool for Reconciliation? A Social-Psychological Approach in Peace Research”, Master’s thesis, published online November 2019, available at

Frank Möller, “Mehr Sichtbarkeit für den Frieden,” FreeLens: Kriegs-, Krisen- und Konfliktfotografie, published online 4 September 2019,

Frank Möller, “For Rafiki – Introduction to Rwanda ‘94: Beyond Time and Space by Rafiki Ubaldo,” published online April 2019,

Prince Agyei and Frank Möller, “Everyday Insecurity and Its Visualization,” Critical Studies on Security (Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 152–155), published online 22 September 2019,


Frank Möller, Peace Photography (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019), Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies series,

Frank Möller and David Shim, “Visions of Peace in International Relations,” International Studies Perspectives (Vol. 20, No. 3, August 2019, pp. 246–264), published online 14 January 2019,

Frank Möller, “Peace,” in Visual Global Politics, edited by Roland Bleiker (London and New York: Routledge, 2018), pp. 220–223

Frank Möller, “Leonardo’s Security: The Participant Witness in a Time of Invisibility,” in Visual Security Studies: Sights and Spectacles of Insecurity and War, edited by Juha A. Vuori and Rune Saugmann Andersen (London and New York: Routledge, 2018), pp. 133–149

Frank Möller, “Witnessing Violence through Photography,” Global Discourse: an Interdisciplinary Journal of Current Affairs and Contemporary Thought (Vol. 7, Issues 2–3, 2017, pp. 264–281),

Kia Lindroos and Frank Möller, eds., Art as a Political Witness (Opladen, Berlin, Toronto: Barbara Budrich Publishers, 2017), 9783847405801

Kia Lindroos and Frank Möller, “Witnessing in Contemporary Art and Politics,” in Art as a Political Witness, edited by Kia Lindroos and Frank Möller (Opladen, Berlin, Toronto: Barbara Budrich Publishers, 2017), pp. 33–55


Frank Möller, “The Violence of Witnessing,” in Art as a Political Witness, edited by Kia Lindroos and Frank Möller (Opladen, Berlin, Toronto: Barbara Budrich Publishers, 2017), pp. 219–239

Frank Möller, “From Aftermath to Peace: Reflections on a Photography of Peace,” Global Society: Journal of Interdisciplinary International Relations (Vol. 31, No. 3, July 2017, pp. 315–335),

Ari-Elmeri Hyvönen and Frank Möller, “Visualizing Political Thinking on the Screen: A Dialogue between von Trotta’s Hannah Arendt and Its Protagonist,” Journal for Cultural Research (Vol. 21, No. 2, 2017, pp. 140–156),

Frank Möller, “Colonial Wars and Aesthetic Reworking: the Artist as Moral Witness,” Arts and International Affairs (Vol. 2, No. 1, Winter 2017), pp. 13–43,

Frank Möller and Samu Pehkonen, eds., Encountering the North: Cultural Geography, International Relations and Northern Landscapes (London: Routledge, 2017), Routledge REVIVALS (original 2003),

Frank Möller, “Politics and Art,” Oxford Handbooks Online Political Science (New York: Oxford University Press, June 2016), DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935307.013.13,


Frank Möller, “The Power of Obscurity: Trevor Paglen’s Geo-visual Imagination,” in Photographic Powers – Helsinki Photomedia 2014, edited by Mika Elo and Marko Karo (Marc Goodwin, associate editor) (Helsinki: Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture, 2015), pp. 155–176

Frank Möller, Visual Peace: Images, Spectatorship, and the Politics of Violence (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies series, gp/book/9781137020390

Rune S. Andersen and Frank Möller, “Engaging the Limits of Visibility: Photography, Security and Surveillance,” Security Dialogue (Vol. 44, No. 3, June 2013, pp. 203–221), 0967010613484955

Frank Möller, “Photo-activism in the Digital Age: Visions from Rio de Janeiro,” in Doing Democracy: Activist Art and Cultural Politics, edited by Nancy S. Love and Mark Mattern (Albany: SUNY Press, 2013), pp. 29–51

Frank Möller and Rafiki Ubaldo, “Imaging Life after Death: Photography and the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda,” in Art and Trauma in Africa: Representations of Reconciliation in Music, Visuals Arts, Literature and Film, edited by Lizelle Bisschoff and Stefanie van de Peer (London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2013), pp. 131–151

Frank Möller, “Associates in Crime and Guilt,” in Ethics and Images of Pain, edited by Asbjørn Grønstad and Henrik Gustafsson (New York: Routledge, 2012), pp. 15–32

Frank Möller, “Celebration and Concern: Digitization, Camera Phones and the Citizen-Photographer,” in Images in Mobile Communication: New Content, New Uses, New Perspectives, edited by Corinne Martin and Thilo von Pape (Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2012), pp. 57–78

Frank Möller, “‘Wild Weirdness?’ ‘Gross Humbugs!’ Memory-images of the North and Finnish Photography,” in Journal of Northern Studies (Vol. 5, No. 2, 2011, pp. 29–49), record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A506993&dswid=7892

Frank Möller, “Photography after Empire: Citizen-photographers or Snappers on Autopilot,” New Political Science (Vol. 32, No. 4, December 2010, pp. 501–513), 10.1080/ 07393148.2010.520437

Frank Möller, “Rwanda Revisualized: Genocide, Photography, and the Era of the Witness,” Alternatives (Vol. 35, No. 2, April–June 2010, pp. 113–136),

“Das televisuelle Sterben Neda Soltanis,” Wissenschaft & Frieden (Vol. 28, No. 1, February 2010, pp. 50–53),

Frank Möller, “The Humble Doodle: Graphic Novels and the Question of Urgency,” in Scared to Death: Terror and Its Manifestations in the Spheres of Art and Popular Culture, edited by Dana Arieli-Horowitz and Dafna Sering (Jerusalem: The Hebrew University Magnes Press, 2010), pp. 129–149, in Hebrew

Frank Möller, “The Looking/Not Looking Dilemma,” Review of International Studies (Vol. 36, No. 4, October 2009, pp. 781–794),

Frank Möller, “Public Frames: Security, Persuasion, and the Visual Construction of the International,” in Representing Culture: Essays on Identity, Visuality and Technology, edited by Claudia Alvares (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008), pp. 99–118


Frank Möller, “Friedenswissenschaft als Bildforschung,” Wissenschaft & Frieden (Vol. 26, No. 3, August 2008, pp. 34–37),

Frank Möller, “Imaging and Remembering Peace and War,” Peace Review (Vol. 20, No. 1, January–March 2008, pp. 100–107),

Frank Möller, “The Implicated Spectator – From Manet to Botero,” in Terror and the Arts: Artistic, Literary, and Political Interpretations of Violence from Dostoyevsky to Abu Ghraib, edited by Matti Hyvärinen and Lisa Muszynski (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), pp. 25–40

Frank Möller, “Photographic Interventions in Post-9/11 Security Policy,” Security Dialogue (Vol. 38, No. 2, June 2007, special issue Securitization, Militarization and Visual Culture in the Worlds of post-9/11, edited by David Campbell and Michael J. Shapiro, pp. 179–196), 10.1177/0967010607078549

Frank Möller, “Rafting Nilas: Subjectivity, Memory and the Discursive Patterns of the North,” in Remaking Europe in the Margins: Northern Europe after the Enlargements, edited by Christopher S. Browning (Aldershot and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2005), pp. 31–47

Frank  Möller, “Shades of White: An Essay on a Political Iconography of the North,” in Encountering the North: Cultural Geography, International Relations and Northern Landscapes, edited by Frank Möller and Samu Pehkonen (Aldershot and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2003), pp. 57–74  

Frank Möller and Samu Pehkonen, eds., Encountering the North: Cultural Geography, International Relations and Northern Landscapes (Aldershot and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2003), Marginal Regions series